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Anthurium lingua

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA ARALES ARACEAE

Scientific Name: Anthurium lingua
Species Authority: Sodiro

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2008-10-29
Assessor(s): Crook, V.
Reviewer(s): Scott, J.A.
Justification:
Anthurium lingua is currently known from the moist forests of southern Colombia (Huila), Ecuador and northern and central Peru. When this species was assessed in 2000, it was believed to be endemic to Ecuador. Since then many new specimens from Ecuador, Peru and Colombia have been determined, significantly expanding its range. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is now estimated at 425,000 km2. Anthurium lingua has been collected from virgin and disturbed humid forest, and less commonly from drier shrub forest and rocky cliff faces. Conversion of land to agriculture and pasture, logging and mining are all threatening the forested habitats where this species is found. It is well protected, however, being found in several national parks and private nature reserves. A rating of Least Concern is suggested for this species due to its large EOO (much larger than was previously known and hence the species was rated as Near Threatened when it was thought to be endemic to Ecuador), its apparent ability to survive in both pristine and disturbed forest and the fact that it is well represented in protected areas in the region.
History:
2003 Near Threatened

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: When this species was assessed in 2000, it was believed to be endemic to Ecuador. Since then new specimens from Ecuador, Peru and Colombia have been determined, significantly expanding its range. It is now known from southern Colombia (Huila), Ecuador and northern and central Peru.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is known from over 100 specimens collected between 1904 and 2006.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a terrestrial and epiphytic herb of moist Andean forest, found at an elevational range of 500 to 2,800 m asl. It has been collected from virgin and disturbed forest, and less commonly from drier shrub forest and rocky cliff faces. It is found across eight ecoregions, the majority of populations are within the Eastern Cordillera real montane forests.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is found in the ornamental trade.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Conversion of land (via burning and cutting) to agriculture and pasture for goats and cattle, mining operations (especially strip mining) and logging are all impacting lowland and premontane areas in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Urban sprawl and road construction are also affecting forest habitats in the region.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is well represented in the protected area network in the region, with subpopulations found in the Sangay National Park and World Heritage Site, Podocarpus National Park, Machalila National Park and Ramsar Site and Antisana Ecological Reserve in Ecuador. It is also found in several private reserves including the Finca Merenberg in Colombia, Bosque de Proteccion Alto Mayo in Peru and the Loma Alta Comunal Ecological Reserve. This species is cultivated at Fairchild Tropical Garden, Florida USA. No seed is currently stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, UK.

Citation: Crook, V. 2013. Anthurium lingua. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.
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