Podocarpus elongatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Podocarpus elongatus
Species Authority: (Aiton) L'Herit. ex Pers.
Common Name(s):
English Breede River Yellowwood
Taxus elongata Aiton

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-07-08
Assessor(s): Farjon, A., Foden, W. & Potter, L.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P., Richardson, D. & von Staden, L.
Podocarpus elongatus, although uncommon, has an extensive range and is capable of sprouting from stumps (uncommon in conifers) after fire or other damage. As it is not exploited, and there is little or no direct habitat loss, it is assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Recorded from South Africa: mainly in the Western Cape Province, but just gets into the southern part of the Northern Cape; Malawi; Zambia; and Zimbabwe.
Malawi; South Africa (Northern Cape Province, Western Cape); Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Locally common where it occurs.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Podocarpus elongatus is a scattered species growing in woodlands in moist sites, usually along (intermittent) streams and in ravines, or on rocky sites with sparse vegetation. Woodland species in these ravines are Cunonia capensis and Olea capensis, among other trees, and sclerophyllous shrubs on the drier edges. In the Western Cape its habitat contacts with fire-prone vegetation types such as fynbos and as a consequence individual trees are frequently burnt. Resprouting from the base, they then develop into broad spreading shrubs or bushes, while only individuals that are protected from fire, e.g. by growing in a deep ravine, can develop into monopodial trees of some size. In the NE part of its scattered range it is usually a component of moist evergreen forest and grows more often into a tree. Has a wide elevational range being recorded from 130 up to 2,250 m asl.

Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Due to its small size and usually bushy habit, this species is not of economic importance as a timber tree today. But in the past when there were larger trees, the timber was used for making wagons, chairs and general wood turning. It is rare in cultivation, but a few cultivars have been recorded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific threats have been identified for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from many protected areas across its range. Large trees can be seen on the banks of the Breeder River (from which it gets its common name) at the Bontebok National Park, Western Cape, South Africa

Citation: Farjon, A., Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2013. Podocarpus elongatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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