|Scientific Name:||Pinus teocote|
|Species Authority:||Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Thomas, P. & Perez de la Rosa, J.|
This species is assessed as Least Concern because it is the most abundant and widespread species of pine in Mexico.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Mexico: probably the most widely distributed endemic Mexican pine, most abundant in Central Mexico, occurring in Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas, San Luís Potosí, Nayarit, Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas.|
Native:Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México Distrito Federal, México State, Michoacán, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Pinus teocote occurs in various habitats, most commonly in rather open forest or woodland associated with Quercus spp., on relatively dry sites with shallow soils. Its altitudinal range is (1,000-)1,500-3,000(-3,300) m a.s.l., a few collections are recorded from 700-800 m but these may be based on incorrect estimates. This species often occupies dry ridges, sometimes on calcareous outcrops. Annual precipitation is usually moderate, from 500-1,000 mm, but much higher in parts of the central highlands of Chiapas, where it is growing in broad-leaved forest dominated by Liquidambar and Styrax. Pinus teocote occurs with a number of other pines in various parts of its range, the most common of which are from N to S: P. arizonica, P. engelmannii, P. durangensis, P. leiophylla, P. montezumae, P. oocarpa, and P. patula.
|Use and Trade:||Aztec Pine is of importance as a timber tree. Apparently due to its moderate size especially in the southern part of its range, resin production may locally count as the more important mode of exploitation. The wood is used as sawn timber, mainly for railway sleepers, coarse construction work, containers and crates, particleboard, and also for pulp. Resin tapping is still an important industry, but it will fluctuate much with market prices for naval stores. In horticulture this species is hardly known, despite its wide range geographically and altitudinally, indicating hardiness of at least some provenances.|
|Major Threat(s):||Overexploitation for timber and resin may be problematic in some areas.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is known from several protected area within its range.|
|Citation:||Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus teocote. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 December 2014.|
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