Pinus teocote 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus teocote Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham.
Common Name(s):
English Aztec Pine, Pino Prieto, Teocote Pine
Spanish Ocote, Pino Chino, Pino Colorado, Pino Real, Pino Rosillo
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-06-24
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Perez de la Rosa, J.

This species is assessed as Least Concern because it is the most abundant and widespread species of pine in Mexico.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Mexico: probably the most widely distributed endemic Mexican pine, most abundant in Central Mexico, occurring in Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas, San Luís Potosí, Nayarit, Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Countries occurrence:
Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México Distrito Federal, México State, Michoacán, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1000
Upper elevation limit (metres):3300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Locally abundant
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Pinus teocote occurs in various habitats, most commonly in rather open forest or woodland associated with Quercus spp., on relatively dry sites with shallow soils. Its altitudinal range is (1,000-)1,500-3,000(-3,300) m a.s.l., a few collections are recorded from 700-800 m but these may be based on incorrect estimates. This species often occupies dry ridges, sometimes on calcareous outcrops. Annual precipitation is usually moderate, from 500-1,000 mm, but much higher in parts of the central highlands of Chiapas, where it is growing in broad-leaved forest dominated by Liquidambar and Styrax. Pinus teocote occurs with a number of other pines in various parts of its range, the most common of which are from N to S: P. arizonica, P. engelmannii, P. durangensis, P. leiophylla, P. montezumae, P. oocarpa, and P. patula.

Generation Length (years):40

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Aztec Pine is of importance as a timber tree. Apparently due to its moderate size especially in the southern part of its range, resin production may locally count as the more important mode of exploitation. The wood is used as sawn timber, mainly for railway sleepers, coarse construction work, containers and crates, particleboard, and also for pulp. Resin tapping is still an important industry, but it will fluctuate much with market prices for naval stores. In horticulture this species is hardly known, despite its wide range geographically and altitudinally, indicating hardiness of at least some provenances.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overexploitation for timber and resin may be problematic in some areas.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from several protected area within its range.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus teocote. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42422A2979110. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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