Pinus taeda


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pinus taeda
Species Authority: L.
Common Name/s:
English Loblolly Pine, Southern Pine

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-04-13
Assessor/s: Farjon, A.
Reviewer/s: Thomas, P. & Stritch, L.
Pinus taeda is a widespread and abundant species that is currently increasing its area of occupancy. It is assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to the southeastern USA: occurring from Delaware and New Jersey to central Florida and eastern Texas.
United States (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is vast and increasing, regaining ground formerly lost to clearing of forest for agriculture.
Population Trend: Increasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Pinus taeda is widely distributed on the Atlantic Coastal Plain and extends into the plateaus and foothills around the southern Appalachians to ca. 700 m a.s.l. but avoids the Mississippi floodplain. The climate is warm-temperate and moist, with mild winters and long, hot summers; annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 1,500 mm. This pine forms extensive stands on low, sandy knolls in the 'prairie swamps' along the Gulf of Mexico; in the inland parts of the coastal plain it occurs on river floodplains and old river terraces with deep, relatively dry sandy or loamy soils. This species can form pure stands resulting from pioneer invasions after forest disturbance or onto abandoned fields, or in mixed pine-dominated forests with several other species of Pinus. It is also a component of forest types dominated by broad-leaved trees, especially species of oak (Quercus spp.) as well as Acer rubrum, Liriodendron tulipifera, Fagus grandifolia, Fraxinus spp., and Diospyros virginiana in upland sites. In the coastal swamplands Magnolia grandiflora, Nyssa aquatica, Quercus michauxii, Carya aquatica, and Ulmus americana are common associates of P. taeda, together with other pines and an undergrowth of shrubs and palmettos (dwarf palms).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific threats have been identified for this species

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from numerous protected areas within its range.
Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus taeda. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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