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Pinus maximinoi

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA PINOPSIDA PINALES PINACEAE

Scientific Name: Pinus maximinoi
Species Authority: H.E.Moore
Common Name/s:
English Thin-leaf Pine
Spanish Ocote, Pino Canís

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-06-15
Assessor/s: Farjon, A.
Reviewer/s: Thomas, P. & Perez de la Rosa, J.
Justification:

This species has a very extensive range in southern Mexico and Central America. It is common in many places and is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Recorded from Mexico: Sinaloa, Jalisco, Michoacán, México, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador and NW Nicaragua. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are both well in excess of the thresholds for any threatened category.
Countries:
Native:
El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacán, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Nicaragua
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The overall population trend is stable despite local exploitation and deforestation.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Pinus maximinoi is a species with a wide ecological amplitude, occurring from wet subtropical forest, where it is a gap pioneer, well up into the cooler cloud forests on high mountains in Mesoamerica. In Mexico it also occupies drier sites as a constituent of pine or oak-pine forest or woodland. Its altitudinal range is great: (450-)600-2,800 m, with an optimum at 900-1,800 m a.s.l. In the NW of its range the species occurs between 1,500-2,800 m. It occurs on a variety of soils under various climatic conditions; in Mesoamerica annual precipitation ranges from ca. 900-2,500 mm, with the wettest conditions on the Atlantic and Pacific slopes of the mountains. Under these conditions it occurs frequently with Pinus tecunumanii and Liquidambar styraciflua, at lower altitudes with P. oocarpa. In secondary broad-leaved forest other pines may join: P. devoniana, P. pseudostrobus, and pine woodland may prevail under a regime of grazing or burning, with the undergrowth dominated by grasses or the fern Pteridium aquilinum. In Central Mexico, it grows at the higher sites with Abies religiosa, P. ayacahuite, P. patula, P. pseudostrobus, P. douglasiana, and often Quercus in mixed pine or oak-pine forest, where precipitation is more moderate but the seasonal temperature range greater, with some frosts occurring in winter.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific or range wide threats have been identified for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has been recorded from several protected areas throughout its range. It has also been the subject of ex situ conservation, mainly from a forestry and utilization perspective (Dvorak and Dohanhue 1992).
Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus maximinoi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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