Pinus caribaea 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus caribaea Morelet
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name(s):
English Caribbean Pine, Nicaragua Pine, Pitch Pine
Spanish Pino de la Costa, Pino Macho
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: Three varieties are recognized: the typical variety from western Cuba, var. bahamensis from the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands, and var. hondurensis which is widespread in Central America. This last variety makes up the bulk of the total population.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-06-07
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Despite the fact that two of the three varieties recognized under this species have been assessed as Endangered, the species as a whole is not threatened, due to the widespread abundance of one variety: var. hondurensis. Given the fact that the latter is probably increasing in abundance, with a decline in the smaller populations of the two island varieties, the situation is at least stable for the whole species and it is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:A Caribbean species found in: Bahamas, Turks-Caicos Islands, W Cuba (including Isla de la Juventud [Isla de Pinos]); Mexico (S Quintana Roo); N Guatemala; Belize; Honduras (including Islas de la Bahía); and Nicaragua.
Countries occurrence:
Bahamas; Belize; Cuba; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Turks and Caicos Islands
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1
Upper elevation limit (metres):700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population is stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Primarily a lowland species. See accounts of individual varieties for further details.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):40

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Pinus caribaea, and especially the Mesoamerican variety hondurensis, is an important timber tree forming easily accessible, extensive stands in level to moderately hilly terrain. As such it is heavily exploited and although not in danger of extinction in any of its major areas, many local and especially outlying populations which are likely to be genetically distinct are now severely degraded (Dvorak and Donahue 1992). One of these is Ejido Caobas, Quintana Roo, Mexico, which is the northernmost occurrence of P. caribaea var. hondurensis. Pinus caribaea has been widely planted as a timber tree in tropical and subtropical lowland areas around the world. The heavily resinous wood is used for building, crates, pallets, boat decks, poles and posts, plywood, and particleboard, as well as for pulp manufacture. The latter use comes primarily from plantations outside its natural range. In Honduras, trees have been widely tapped for resin, but this activity has become less common recently. This species is scarcely known in horticulture and can only be grown successfully in the subtropics and tropics.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Heavily exploited and although not in danger of extinction in any of its major areas, many local and especially outlying populations which are likely to be genetically distinct are now severely degraded.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Known from several protected areas.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus caribaea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42348A2974430. . Downloaded on 20 September 2018.
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