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Pinus caribaea

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA PINOPSIDA PINALES PINACEAE

Scientific Name: Pinus caribaea
Species Authority: Morelet
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name/s:
English Caribbean Pine, Pitch Pine, Nicaragua Pine
Spanish Pino de la Costa, Pino Macho
Taxonomic Notes: Three varieties are recognized: the typical variety from western Cuba, var. bahamensis from the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands, and var. hondurensis which is widespread in Central America. This last variety makes up the bulk of the total population.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-06-07
Assessor/s: Farjon, A.
Reviewer/s: Thomas, P.
Justification:
Despite the fact that two of the three varieties recognized under this species have been assessed as Endangered, the species as a whole is not threatened, due to the widespread abundance of one variety: var. hondurensis. Given the fact that the latter is probably increasing in abundance, with a decline in the smaller populations of the two island varieties, the situation is at least stable for the whole species and it is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: A Caribbean species found in: Bahamas, Turks-Caicos Islands, W Cuba (including Isla de la Juventud [Isla de Pinos]); Mexico (S Quintana Roo); N Guatemala; Belize; Honduras (including Islas de la Bahía); and Nicaragua.
Countries:
Native:
Bahamas; Belize; Cuba; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Turks and Caicos Islands
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Primarily a lowland species. See accounts of individual varieties for further details.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Heavily exploited and although not in danger of extinction in any of its major areas, many local and especially outlying populations which are likely to be genetically distinct are now severely degraded.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Known from several protected areas.
Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus caribaea. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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