Zamia pumila


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Zamia pumila
Species Authority: L.
Common Name(s):
Spanish guáyara, yuquilla de paredón, yuquilla de sabana
Zamia allison-armourii Millsp.
Zamia debilis L.f.
Zamia humilis Salisb.
Zamia latifoliolata Prenl.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-31
Assessor(s): Stevenson, D.W.
Reviewer(s): Donaldson, J.S. & Bösenberg, J.D.
Currently assessed as Near Threatened, but may qualify as Vulnerable under criteria A4 and C1 if decline exceeds 30% over the next generation.
2003 Near Threatened

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Historically the range of Z. pumila was Central Cuba, Southern Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola (Hispaniola and Dominican Republic). The species is now limited to Central Cuba and the Dominican Republic and appears to have been eradicated in parts of its range due to intensive land use in Southern Puerto Rico and Haiti.
Dominican Republic
Possibly extinct:
Haiti; Puerto Rico
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population numbers estimated to be several thousand, probably 5.000-10.000. The number of subpopulations is uncertain.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Plants do particularly well in very well drained soils. This includes limestone soils and even sandy beach strand soils. Generally speaking the plants that are in a situation under shrubs are more vigorous.
Systems: Terrestrial

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix II of the CITES Appendices. Plants occur in the Turquino National Park in the Santiago de Cuba province of Cuba.

Citation: Stevenson, D.W. 2010. Zamia pumila. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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