|Scientific Name:||Zamia integrifolia|
Zamia floridana A. DC.
Zamia media Jacq.
Zamia silvicola Small
Zamia tenuis Willd.
Zamia umbrosa Small
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Donaldson, J.S. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
The species is abundant across its range but has declined substantially in parts of Florida over the past 90 years (estimated at 20%) and has therefore been assessed as Near Threatened (almost qualifies for listing as threatened under criterion A2).
|Range Description:||This species is known from the extreme southeastern Georgia state of the United States of America, southward through peninsular Florida (including the Florida Keys) and sporadically in the Bahamas where it occurs on Andros, Grand Bahama, Great Abaco, Long, and New Providence Islands. It has been collected in western Cuba, the Cayman Islands, and south-central Puerto Rico where one small population persists.|
Native:Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico (main island)); United States (Florida, Georgia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It has been estimated that the population size of Z. integrifolia is in excess of 30,000 plants in the wild. The one population in western Cuba consists of 133 individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitats of Z. integrifolia vary from open coastal areas and sand dunes to pinelands and closed canopy oak hammocks to tropical forest. This cycad is most commonly found in soil over limestone and in sand near sea level or in dry pinelands subjected to periodic wildfires.|
|Major Threat(s):||Z. integrifolia has declined mainly due to habitat destruction for housing developments and agriculture. In the early 20th century, a large number were collected as part of a commercial starch industry.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix II of the CITES Appendices. In Cuba, populations are present in National Park Guanahacabibes in the Pinar del Rio province and the Ecological Reserve Varahicacos in the Matanza province. In Puerto Rico, plants are found in the Punta Guaniquilla Natural Reserve near Cabo Rojo. In the Bahamas, plants are found in the Abaco National Park of Great Abaco Island. Plants also occurs in about 80 conservation areas in Florida, U.S.A., including the Everglades National Park.|
|Citation:||Stevenson, D.W. 2010. Zamia integrifolia. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2013.|
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