Encephalartos hirsutus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Encephalartos hirsutus
Species Authority: P.J.H.Hurter
Common Name(s):
English Venda Cycad

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A4acd; B2ab(iii,iv,v); C1 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-31
Assessor(s): Donaldson, J.S.
Reviewer(s): Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.
The original population (at the time of description) was estimated at 400-500 plants. In 2004, only 219 plants were found in two localities as part of helicopter surveys, with most of the plants occurring in one site. Stan Rogers (pers. comm.) from the Limpopo Provincial government reported in 2006 that ground rangers could not locate these plants and that they may also be gone. This has yet to be confirmed. The area of occupancy for the remaining plants was small - estimated to be only about 5 km².
2003 Critically Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: E. hirsutus is known from three separate localities in the Soutpansberg region of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Recorded from 800 to 1,000 m asl.
Possibly extinct:
South Africa (Limpopo Province)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: If still extant, the population is very small, see under rationale.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Plants grow exposed on south-east-facing quartzite cliffs, in moist semi-deciduous mixed scrub. The rainfall is between 350-650 mm per annum. The vegetation type is mainly Mountain Bushveld.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened due to over-collecting for ornamental purposes.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Plants occur (or occurred) in the Makuya National Park which forms part of the Kruger National Park.

Citation: Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos hirsutus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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