Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Viverridae

Scientific Name: Genetta servalina
Species Authority: Pucheran, 1855
Common Name(s):
English Servaline Genet
French Genette servaline
Taxonomic Notes: Does not include the Crested Genet, G. cristata, considered by some authors to be conspecific (e.g., Coetzee 1977, Wozencraft 1993), which is now considered to represent a distinct species. Five subspecies are recognized, including Lowe's Servaline Genet (G. s. lowei) which is geographically isolated in several Eastern Arc Mountain blocks.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern as the species has a wide distribution range, is present in a variety of habitats, and appears to be common. It may be undergoing localized declines in some regions due to hunting and forest loss, especially in the Eastern Arc Mountains and Zanzibar.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Ranges from southern Cameroon, south of the Sanaga R., and Central African Republic and southwards in Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo Republic to southern Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, and possibly also Burundi. There are discontinuous populations in Tanzania, including the Udzungwa Mtns, the Uluguru Mtns, and the South Nguru Mtns (Rovero et al. 2006; Van Rompaey and Colyn in press). Gaubert et al. (2006) also give museum records from north of the Sanaga R., from several additional localities in Tanzania, as well as from two localities in south-eastern DR Congo (these are not mapped). Present on Zanzibar (Van Rompaey and Colyn 1998, Goldman and Winther-Hansen 2003). Recorded to 3,500 m on Mt. Elgon, Kenya (Kingdon 1977) and perhaps to elevations above 4,400 m in eastern DR Congo (Verschuren 1972).
Countries occurrence:
Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Kenya; Rwanda; South Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Common. Charles-Dominique (1978) estimated the average density at 1/km². Kingdon (1977) noted that the species appeared to be particularly common at an altitude between 2,100 and 3,000 m asl on Mt Elgon, and it is also common in moist forests of the Udzungwa Mountains at altitudes of 300-1,800 m asl (De Luca and Mpunga 2002; F. Rovero pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Present in primary and secondary lowland, submontane and montane forests and gallery forests. Van Rompaey and Colyn (in press) give a summary of several of the habitats from which they have been recorded including wet forests in Kenya, high-altitude bamboo forest in the Udzungwa Mtns, and groundwater forest and coral rag thicket on Zanzibar.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats. However, they are common in bushmeat markets and the skins are used for wrist-bracelets and dancing hats, and for loin-cloths among both Mbuti and Ba’aka pygmies (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Present in several protected areas across the range. Lowe’s Servaline Genet was rediscovered in the Udzungwa Mtns N.P. in south-central Tanzania after a gap of nearly 70 years (Brink et al. 2002, De Luca and Mpunga 2002). Subsequent recent records from other mountain blocks in the Eastern Arc Mountains (Rovero et al. 2006), and ecological niche modelling for the species (Gaubert et al. 2006), suggest that further survey work will show they are more widely distributed in the Eastern Arc Mountains.

Citation: Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. 2008. Genetta servalina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41700A10533436. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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