Nasua narica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Procyonidae

Scientific Name: Nasua narica
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Common Name(s):
English White-nosed Coati, Coatimundi
Spanish Cozumbo, Pizote
Nasua nelsoni Merriam, 1901
Taxonomic Notes: Includes Nasua nelsoni (Decker and Wozencraft 1991).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Samudio, R., Kays, R., Cuarón, A.D., Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Least Concern as although it is locally threatened as a result of ongoing habitat loss and hunting (Glatston 1994), but is not decline at a rate to nearly sufficient to qualify for a threat category. It has a wide distribution range and is present in many protected areas across its range.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The range of the white-nosed coati extends from Arizona and parts of southern New Mexico in the United States through Mexico (except the Baja peninsula and central Sierra Madres) and Central America to Panama and marginally into South America in areas west of the Andes (Glatston, 1994).
Countries occurrence:
Belize; Colombia; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The numbers of this species are unknown and population estimates range from rare to common. It is rare in the United States and can be anything from common to scarce in Central America where its status is less well known, but indications are that its numbers have been greatly reduced (Janson, 1981). The Mexican population has probably been severely reduced and it may even be extirpated in certain areas. Population density is greater in the tropics than in southwestern United States. Both regions show year-to-year fluctuations in population sizes as a result of disease or food availability.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: White-nosed coatis inhabit woodland and open forests. Coatis are rarely seen in open grassland or desert. Their distribution in Arizona and New Mexico corresponds to that of Encinal and Mexican pine-oak woodland. In the southwestern U.S.A., they are found in oak woodlands or hardwood riparian canyons from 1,400-2,300 m. They are also occasionally seen in chaparral conifers. Many sightings have occurred in small isolated mountain ranges such as the Sierra Madre in Mexico and the Chiricahuas and Huachucas in the United States. Coatis are more active by day than by night. They run in bands of up to 30 individuals, although 12 is more typical. Adult males are typically solitary. They are highly adaptable but are basically tropical woodland and forest animals. They frequently climb to obtain fruits, although they are more typically seen on the ground. Their diet is omnivorous, typically consists of fruit and invertebrates (Gompper, 1995; Kaufmann, 1962; Valenzuela, 1998). They search for food both on the ground and in the forest canopy.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Coati are threatened by large scale habitat loss and in some areas hunting. In addition, the coati population in the United States is suspected to be gradually becoming genetically isolated from populations further south as a result of the situation in Mexico. This could lead to local extirpation of the coati in the United States. Coatis are hunted throughout their range either for their skin or for food. In the United States they are occasionally caught in traps set for other species, killed by hunters ostensibly looking for other species, or they fall victim to “predator” control campaigns. They apparently disappeared from the Burro Mountains in New Mexico at about the same time as a coyote poisoning campaign (Kaufmann et al., 1976). In addition, coatis are susceptible to canine distemper and rabies (Kaufmann et al. 1976).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: White-nosed coatis are classified as an endangered species in New Mexico and they are given total legal protection there. However, in Arizona, where most of the coatis in the United States live, they are subject to year round hunting. Coatis are listed in Appendix III of CITES by Honduras. Elsewhere in their range they do not appear to be afforded any official protection.

Citation: Samudio, R., Kays, R., Cuarón, A.D., Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K. 2008. Nasua narica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41683A10510873. . Downloaded on 26 June 2016.
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