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Herpestes vitticollis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Herpestidae

Scientific Name: Herpestes vitticollis Bennett, 1835
Common Name(s):
English Stripe-necked Mongoose, Striped-necked Mongoose
Synonym(s):
Urva vitticollis (Bennett, 1835)
Taxonomic Notes: Two subspecies are recognised, H. v. vitticollis and H. v. inornatus (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003) but there has been no recent taxonomic revision.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-03-03
Assessor(s): Mudappa, D., Choudhury, A. & Punjabi, G.A.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. & Schipper, J.
Contributor(s): Wozencraft, C, Yonzon, P. & Jennings, A.
Justification:
Stripe-necked Mongoose is listed as Least Concern because it is unlikely to approach any of the criteria thresholds even for Near Threatened (NT) listing. Although its distribution is not extensive it far exceeds the size for a distribution-based categorisation as NT. Although population size is unknown, implausibly low densities would be needed for a population-size-based categorisation as NT. Similarly, population trends are not known, but there is nothing to suggest declines - if occurring at all - at present approach those needed for NT. The obvious tolerance for highly modified habitats, widespread and frequent records from areas with heavy human use, and the general recent relatively low levels of habitat change and hunting of mammals in this size class in its range all suggest it would be unlikely to be in steep decline in recent decades.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Stripe-necked Mongoose is found only in India and Sri Lanka (Pocock 1941, Phillips 1984, Corbet and Hill 1992, Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003, Mudappa 2013). In Sri Lanka it occurs in both wet and dry zones, including high-altitude areas (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003). In India, it is found particularly in the Western Ghats from Coorg (now Kodagu) southwards. The northernmost records in the Western Ghats are from Mahabaleshwar at almost 18°N; an imprecisely located report from Mumbai (Blanford 1888) might refer to point of procurement rather than capture (Punjabi et al. 2014). The known range was considerably extended (about 1,400 km in direct line) to the north-east by a series of records (documented with photographs) from the Similipal Hills, in the state of Odisha (Nayak et al. 2014). A historical sight-record from Horsley Konda in the Eastern Ghats, mostly hitherto dismissed as implausible, might thus also be valid (Nayak et al. 2014). It occurs from the high hills (maximum recorded, 2,200 m) down to the lowlands, being most common between 400 and 1,400 m (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
India; Sri Lanka
Additional data:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):NoEstimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):NoExtreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Continuing decline in number of locations:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:NoLower elevation limit (metres):400
Upper elevation limit (metres):2200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Stripe-necked Mongoose appears to be relatively common and readily seen in much of the Western Ghats (India) and Sri Lanka (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003, Mudappa 2013); many qualitative statements applicable to particular areas, mostly from before 1970, were presented by Van Rompaey and Jayakumar (2003).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:No
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No
Continuing decline in subpopulations:No
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:NoAll individuals in one subpopulation:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Stripe-necked Mongoose has been recorded in deciduous and evergreen forest, open scrub and along watercourses (Webb-Peploe 1947, Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003). In deciduous forests it is usually found in swampy clearings, along watercourses, and in open scrub (Krishnan 1972). There are records from rice fields and in tea and Teak Tectona grandis plantations, and probably other planted habitats, but it is unclear whether it can persist in wholly agricultural landscapes, or such animals are transients from (semi) -natural habitats. In Valparai in the Anamalai Hills, the species is regularly seen in peri-urban lanes and gardens (Mudappa 2013, Mudappa and Ganesh 2014). In Sri Lanka, it is rarely sighted in disturbed areas or close to human settlements (Ratnayeke pers. comm. 2008), however, the species is adaptable and can tolerate relatively high disturbance.

Stripe-necked Mongoose is more common in the hills than in the lowlands, and has been found up to 2,200 m (Hill 1939, Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003, D. Mudappa pers. comm. 2014). It is diurnal and feeds on small mammals, birds, birds' eggs, reptiles, fish, insects, grubs, and roots (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003). The typical litter size is two to three and an animal in captivity was recorded as living for nearly 13 years (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003).
Systems:Terrestrial
Generation Length (years):4.4
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Stripe-necked Mongoose is part of the general offtake of mongooses in India for hair, for use in brush manufacture. There is no evidence of specific trade demand for the species. The species is eaten locally, mainly by ethnic minorities.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to the global Stripe-necked Mongoose population. At the local scale it is hunted for meat (eaten by several tribes) and for its hair (used for making shaving brushes, paint brushes and good luck charms; Hanfee and Ahmed 1999). It is also regularly killed by hunting dogs (Adams 1931, Webb-Peploe 1947), and sometimes in retaliation for raids on poultry farms (D. Mudappa pers. comm. 2014). All mongoose species are traded domestically (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003). The regularity and ease with which the species is seen in various areas amid or close to human settlement suggests that this hunting does not threaten the species. Loss of habitat is a potential threat (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003), however it is unlikely to be driving strong declines at present. The population presumably fell steeply during the main phase of deforestation in the Western Ghats (many decades ago), but rates of clearance are now low, and the species is often seen not just in degraded and fragmented forest, but also in non-forest habitats interspersed with forest fragments.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Stripe-necked Mongoose is on Schedule IV of the Indian Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, and the Indian population is listed on CITES Appendix III. It occurs in many protected areas in both India and Sri Lanka (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003).

Citation: Mudappa, D., Choudhury, A. & Punjabi, G.A. 2016. Herpestes vitticollis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T41619A45208503. . Downloaded on 18 November 2017.
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