Herpestes edwardsii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Herpestidae

Scientific Name: Herpestes edwardsii (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)
Common Name(s):
English Indian Grey Mongoose, Common Mongoose, Grey Mongoose
Herpestes edwardsi (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)
Urva edwardsii (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818)
Taxonomic Notes: Four subspecies are listed by Corbet and Hill (1992), but there is no recent taxonomic revision.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-03-03
Assessor(s): Mudappa, D. & Choudhury, A.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. & Schipper, J.
Contributor(s): Wozencraft, C, Yonzon, P., Jennings, A. & Veron, G.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population and adaptability to human-dominated landscapes, and because it is highly unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category; it might even be increasing. The species remains widely and commonly seen in human-dominated areas, indicating a lack of significant ongoing threats.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Indian Grey Mongoose occurs from Turkey and the Arabian peninsula east to India, Bhutan and Bangladesh (Veron et al. 2006, Tempa et al. 2013). A number of reports, all pre 1918, from Malaysia lack primary detail and Wells (1989) concluded the species was present only as an ephemeral introduction; there seem to be no subsequent records from the country. A mid-twentieth century introduction to Italy also failed (Gaubert and Zenatello 2009). Indian Grey Mongoose has not been introduced to the Ryukyu Islands (= Nansei Shotu; Japan) or Mauritius; previous reports from these islands reflect confusion with Herpestes javanicus (sensu lato) (S. Roy pers. comm. 2007). There are also reports in generalised sources of Indian Grey Mongoose occurrence in Indonesia; the original sources of these have not been traced and they are here assumed to be in error. The species has been recorded from sea-level to approximately 2,000 m a.s.l. (D. Mudappa pers. comm. 2014).
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Kuwait; Nepal; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; Sri Lanka; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia); United Arab Emirates
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Indian Grey Mongoose is mostly common, often abundant, in suitable habitat throughout its main range, but it is relatively rare in North-east India (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2014). One study in central India, where the species is common, found its abundance even decreased moving from human settlement towards undisturbed forests (Shekhar 2003).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:NoAll individuals in one subpopulation:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Although it is a common semi-synanthropic species, the natural history of Indian Grey Mongoose is little studied. It has been recorded in disturbed (even urban) areas, in dry secondary forests, and thorn forests (Shekhar 2003). Shekhar (2003), in central India during 2002-2003, saw it near refuse bins and dumps, scavenging on carrion, and on roads. This species feeds on a wide variety of animal food including insects and snakes (Santiapillai et al. 2000).
Generation Length (years):4.3
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Shekhar (2003) noted that Indian Grey Mongoose is often captured and sold as a pet. Itinerant people from northern India use hook snares to capture individuals for skins, which are then sold in local markets in Nepal (Shekhar 2003). In India, all mongoose species are in demand for the wildlife trade (Van Rompaey and Jayakumar 2003): the meat is eaten by several tribes and the hair is used for making shaving brushes, paint brushes, and good luck charms (Hanfee and Ahmed 1999). Off-take is not at levels sufficient to exclude the species from anthropogenic environments over much or all of its range.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Indian Grey Mongoose has no range-wide threats sufficient to drive significant population declines. It is likely that in some areas the levels of harvest are sufficient to reduce local densities. Over recent centuries the species has probably benefited from conversion of closed evergreen forest (at most only rarely occupied) to open habitats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Indian Grey Mongoose is listed on CITES Appendix III by India. It is listed in Schedule IV (with no legal protection) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act (1972) in India. In central India people consider the mongoose to be sacred and thus it is not killed there (Shekhar 2003). This species is found in numerous protected areas. Populations are not quantitatively monitored in any country; but the species remains widely and commonly seen in human-dominated areas, indicating a lack of significant ongoing threats and no need for conservation action (this does not exclude that in localised parts of the range, populations might benefit from conservation action).

Citation: Mudappa, D. & Choudhury, A. 2016. Herpestes edwardsii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T41611A45206787. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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