|Scientific Name:||Pithecia albicans Gray, 1860|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Marsh, L.K. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the saki monkeys, Pithecia Desmarest, 1804. Neotropical Primates 21(1): 1-163.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The taxonomy and distribution of Pithecia here generally follows Hershkovitz (1987) and Eisenberg (1989). However, the taxonomy of the genus is currently being revised (L. Marsh pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2cd ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Veiga, L.M., Mittermeier R.A. & Marsh, L.|
|Reviewer(s):||Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)|
Listed as Vulnerable as the species is estimated to have declined more than 30% over the past 3 generations (27 years) mainly due to habitat loss and hunting pressure.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Pithecia albicans has a restricted range in Brazil, occurring on the south bank of the Solimões, between the Rios Tefé and Purús.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Recorded population densities range from 0.9 - 3 groups/10 km (Johns 1986). At Lago Uauaçú, recorded densities were 3.3 individuals/km² in terra firme forests, 0.8/km² in varzeá flooded forests, and 4.6/km² in igapó (Haugaasen and Peres 1995).|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Pithecia albicans occurs in lowland terra firme tropical rainforest, but has also recorded in flooded forests (várzea and igapó) (Haugaasen and Peres 2005). |
Average group sizes at Lago Uauaçú, ranged from 2.7-3.9 individuals (Haugassen and Peres 2005).
The diet includes seeds (46%), fruits (29% - pulp and aril), flowers (7%), leaves (10%) and some insects (<1%) (Peres 1993). Unlike other members of the genus, such as Pithecia pithecia, this species is reported to use the upper canopy level extensively (Johns 1986; Peres 1993) and have a much larger home range (200 ha) (Peres 1993).
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats include hunting and habitat loss.|
May possibly occur in the Abufari Biological Reserve, which is located at the eastern limit of this species' range.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
|Citation:||Veiga, L.M., Mittermeier R.A. & Marsh, L. 2008. Pithecia albicans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41567A10500060.Downloaded on 21 November 2017.|
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