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Parascalops breweri

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA TALPIDAE

Scientific Name: Parascalops breweri
Species Authority: (Bachman, 1842)
Common Name/s:
English Hairy-tailed Mole

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: NatureServe (Hammerson, G.)
Reviewer/s: Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Chanson, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern because it is widespread, there are no major threats, and its population is not believed to be in decline.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species ranges primarily in the northeastern United States and southern Ontario and Quebec, Canada. Its range extends south to the Great Smoky Mountains region.
Countries:
Native:
Canada; United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common and widespread species. Its home range is about 0.2 acres, and expands in summer. Densities vary from 1.2 to 11 per acre (Eadie 1939).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits deciduous woodlands with thick humus. It is adapted to second growth stands, old fields, hedgerows, and prefers well-drained, light, moist soil with well-mixed organic matter and minerals. It avoids soils that are hard, dry, or with a large clay content. Two tunnel systems are constructed. A deeper system (10-18" deep) gives resting, breeding space, and winter shelter. Males leave tunnel systems in search of females in breeding season. Breeding is from March-April, and gestation lasts for four weeks. Litter size is four to five. Young are born in April-May, and there is usually one litter annually. Sexual maturity is attained 11 months after birth. This species eats primarily soil invertebrates; earthworms, insect larvae, and pupae comprise approximately two-thirds of diet.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in protected areas throughout its range.
Citation: NatureServe (Hammerson, G.) 2008. Parascalops breweri. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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