Uebelmannia pectinifera 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Uebelmannia pectinifera
Species Authority: Buining
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.
Taxonomic Notes: Three subspecies are recognized, the nominate form, subsp. flavispina (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves and subsp. horrida (P.J. Braun) P.J. Braun & Esteves. All the subspecies were previously assessed in 2002 as Vulnerable, but as they have not been reassessed they are now excluded from the IUCN Red List.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-10
Assessor(s): Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Braun, P.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K. & Superina, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Uebelmannia pectinifera has small range (extent of occurrence 3,000 km2) and the population is at risk due to several threats, the main one being overcollection, which cause a continuing decline of individuals. The population is severely fragmented. Hence, it is listed as Endangered under criterion B1ab(iii,v).
Previously published Red List assessments:
2002 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Uebelmannia pectinifera is found at ca 650 to 1,350 m asl on the Serra do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil (Minas Gerais)
Lower elevation limit (metres): 650
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1350
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are several subpopulations of Uebelmannia pectinifera with a few individuals, from dozens to hundreds, and these are very fragmented.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species grows in campo rupestre, on crystalline rocks (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is collected as an ornamental, and it is collected locally to make candy or consumed as food.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are illegal plant collection, cattle ranching, agriculture and fires. Also, the plants are now eaten by Moco (Dasyprocta sp.), a species that has increased in numbers as a consequence of the predation of its predator, which is not tolerated by farmers.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs within Parque Nacional das Sempre-Vivas, and is listed in CITES Appendix I.

Citation: Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Braun, P. 2013. Uebelmannia pectinifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T40955A2946752. . Downloaded on 28 November 2015.
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