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Facheiroa cephaliomelana

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Facheiroa cephaliomelana
Species Authority: Buining & Brederoo
Taxonomic Notes: Two subspecies are recognized, the nominate form and subsp. estevesii (P.J.Braun) N.P.Taylor & Zappi. Both subspecies were assessed in 2002 as Vulnerable but have not been assessed again here and are hence not included as separate assessments.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-09
Assessor(s): Taylor, N.P. & Braun, P.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K. & Chanson, J.S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Bilz, M.
Justification:
Even though the species has a relatively large extent of occurrence (EOO just under 20,000 km2 ), it probably has an area of occupancy of less than 2,000 km2, and it only grows on some of the limestone outcrops which occur as islands within the caatinga and cerrado, and because of this the population is naturally severely fragmented. These outcrops are mined causing a continuing decline in the population, and this is most likely to continue. Hence, the species is listed as Vulnerable.
History:
2002 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found at 550 -750 m asl in south-central and south-western Bahia and central-northern Minas Gerais, Brazil (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is locally abundant. There is considerable genetic diversity between subpopualtions.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This cactus is a southern Rio São Francisco caatinga element, it also occurs in cerrado where it grows on outcrops of raised Bambuí limestone (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: No known use or trade of this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat for the species is mining for cement, the outcrops where it grows get destroyed.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs within the Parque Nacional das Cavernas do Peruacua.

Citation: Taylor, N.P. & Braun, P. 2013. Facheiroa cephaliomelana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.
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