Melocactus lanssensianus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Melocactus lanssensianus
Species Authority: P.J.Braun
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.
Taxonomic Notes: It is very likely that this is a species complex and it is going to be treated here in the strictest sensus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-08
Assessor(s): Braun, P. & Taylor, N.P.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
This species is listed as Endangered because it has a very restricted range (extent of occurrence ca 500 km2), it is known from two locations (although it may occur in intervening habitat) and there is a continuing decline in its habitat. This species should be reassessed when the taxonomy is resolved.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2002 Data Deficient (DD)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. It is known only from two locations separated by at least 100 km. There is suitable habitat in between these locations, but it has not been thoroughly surveyed. Thus, it is very likely that the species occurs in the intervening habitat.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil (Pernambuco)
Number of Locations: 2
Lower elevation limit (metres): 550
Upper elevation limit (metres): 850
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is inferred that each subpopulation of Melocactus lanssensiannus has approximately 1,000 individuals. It is patchily distributed.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals: 2000
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in caatinga vegetation, on and between granite outcrops.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is collected for candy at a small scale.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats for this species are small scale farming and pineapple plantations. Local livestock (goats) feed on this cactus species. The species is also collected to make candy.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species does not occur in any protected area.

Citation: Braun, P. & Taylor, N.P. 2013. Melocactus lanssensianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T40922A2943984. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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