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Melocactus lanssensianus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Melocactus lanssensianus
Species Authority: P.J.Braun
Taxonomic Notes: It is very likely that this is a species complex and it is going to be treated here in the strictest sensus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-08
Assessor(s): Braun, P. & Taylor, N.P.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Justification:
This species is listed as Endangered because it has a very restricted range (extent of occurrence ca 500 km2), it is known from two locations (although it may occur in intervening habitat) and there is a continuing decline in its habitat. This species should be reassessed when the taxonomy is resolved.
History:
2002 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. It is known only from two locations separated by at least 100 km. There is suitable habitat in between these locations, but it has not been thoroughly surveyed. Thus, it is very likely that the species occurs in the intervening habitat.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Pernambuco)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is inferred that each subpopulation of Melocactus lanssensiannus has approximately 1,000 individuals. It is patchily distributed.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in caatinga vegetation, on and between granite outcrops.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is collected for candy at a small scale.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats for this species are small scale farming and pineapple plantations. Local livestock (goats) feed on this cactus species. The species is also collected to make candy.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species does not occur in any protected area.

Citation: Braun, P. & Taylor, N.P. 2013. Melocactus lanssensianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 September 2014.
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