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Rhipsalis pilocarpa

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Rhipsalis pilocarpa
Species Authority: Loefgr.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(ii,iii,iv) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-06-04
Assessor(s): Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.
Reviewer(s): Chanson, J.S. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Justification:
This species is known from only eight localities throughout its entire range and is apparently rare. Its area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 2,000 km², its range is severely fragmented, and there is and ongoing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
History:
2002 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in southern Minas Gerais (Rio Preto) and southern Espírito Santo (Domingos Martins); southeastern and southern Brazil (Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro to Paraná). It is known only from eight sites across its range. It occurs at 500 to 900 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: From the collections the population appears to be small and restricted to small areas in primary forest. Most of the collections are quite old which indicates that it is seldom seen; it is a very distinct species and unlikely to be ignored.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a southern humid forest element: epiphyte (rarely lithophyte) in Mata atlantica. It occurs in eight locations, and is widely distributed but rarely observed in nature.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is grown as an ornamental.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Loss of habitat due to expanding agriculture and urbanization (especially at the type locality) is a major threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on CITES Appendix II. The species is not included in UC? (Biodiversitas). It occurs in the Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho.

Citation: Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. 2013. Rhipsalis pilocarpa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 September 2014.
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