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Rhipsalis pacheco-leonis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Rhipsalis pacheco-leonis
Species Authority: Loefgr.
Taxonomic Notes: Two subspecies are recognized, the nominate form and subsp. catenulata (Kimnach) Barthlott & N.P.Taylor. The latter subspecies was previously assessed as Data Deficient in 2002, but it has not been reassessed and is now excluded from the Red List.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-06-03
Assessor(s): Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.
Reviewer(s): Chanson, J.S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Justification:
This species has a very small area of occupancy (less than 500 km2), its range is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline due to the close proximity of all the known sites to urban and tourism developments. The species is therefore listed as Endangered. Population surveys are required as the population could be quite small.
History:
2002 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to southeastern Brazil and is found in southern Minas Gerais (a disjunct occurrence), and southern Espírito Santo (Domingos Martins) along the coast to Rio de Janeiro (Mun. Nova Friburgo). It occurs from sea level up to 900 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It has mostly been recorded as single individuals, although a few have been found growing on house roofs. The species is known from seven subpopulations and is likely to have disappeared from at least two of these.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An epiphyte found in the southern humid forest. It has also been recorded growing on the roofs of houses and on a cliff face.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Two of the sites have been destroyed by expanding urbanization and coastal tourism developments and this is likely to happen in the other areas apart from one locality which is protected.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on CITES Appendix II. One site is in the Parque Estaduel Pedra des Engano.

Citation: Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. 2013. Rhipsalis pacheco-leonis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.
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