Leptocharias smithii


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Leptocharias smithii
Species Authority: (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Common Name(s):
English Barbeled Houndshark, Barbeled Houndshark
Triaenodon smithii Müller & Henle, 1839

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2005
Date Assessed: 2005-10-01
Assessor(s): Compagno, L.J.V.
Reviewer(s): Musick, J.A. & Fowler, S.L. (Shark Red List Authority)
This assessment is based on the information published in the 2005 shark status survey (Fowler et al. 2005).

The Barbeled Houndshark (Leptocharias smithii) is relatively common, but it has a limited range in heavily fished tropical inshore coastal waters. The species is taken as utilised bycatch, but fisheries statistics are lacking.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This shark occurs in the eastern Atlantic: Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo and northern Angola, possibly ranging north to Morocco and Mediterranean. Found inshore at depths of 5-75m (Compagno 1984b).
Angola (Angola); Congo; Côte d'Ivoire; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – southeast
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: No life history parameters are known for this live-bearing (placentally viviparous) species.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This small, coastal and inshore benthic shark is or was moderately common but irregularly caught in heavily fished tropical inshore coastal waters of West Africa, and was formerly reported as being particularly common off Goree, Senegal and the Congo and Cuanza River mouths. It is probably of limited importance to intensive inshore artisanal and commercial fisheries in the West African area, where it is taken with hook-and-line, fixed bottom gillnets and by bottom¬trawlers. The bycatch may be discarded by some fisheries, but its flesh is utilised fresh, smoked, or dried-salted for human consumption and its skin is used for leather. No fisheries statistics are available for this species. Probably not taken for sport except incidentally.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None in place.

Citation: Compagno, L.J.V. 2005. Leptocharias smithii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.
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