Ravenea musicalis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Ravenea musicalis
Species Authority: Beentje

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2b(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-12-17
Assessor(s): Rakotoarinivo, M. & Dransfield, J.
Reviewer(s): Baker, W.J., Beentje, H.J. & Bachman, S., Baker, W.J. & Beentje, H.J.
Endemic to one river to the north of Taolagnaro. Individuals are known from one unprotected locality. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy are both less than 4 km². The species is relatively abundant with a population of about 450 trees. Plants and seed are harvested for the horticultural trade. Trunks are sometimes felled to make temporary canoes and there is clearance of the vegetation along the river which decreases the area of occupancy. The species therefore qualifies for listing as Critically Endangered.
1998 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to a single site to the north of Taolagnaro in the extreme southeast of Madagascar.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: About 450 trees have been seen in the single known site for this palm. The population is declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Growing in the slowly flowing water of a lowland (10 to 50 m asl) river, 50 to 150 cm deep. Seedlings start their lives as submerged aquatics with flaccid foliage; once the stem has emerged, leaves become rigid.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Plants and seeds are harvested for the horticultural trade and palms are occasionally felled to make canoes..

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are a number of threats to this species including habitat clearance along the river banks for agricultural expansion and the plants and their seed are harvested for the horticultural trade. Palms are also sometime felled to make canoes.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The site is not in a protected area. Urgent conservation action is required for this species.

Citation: Rakotoarinivo, M. & Dransfield, J. 2012. Ravenea musicalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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