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Lemurophoenix halleuxii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA ARECALES PALMAE

Scientific Name: Lemurophoenix halleuxii
Species Authority: J.Dransf.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-12-17
Assessor/s: Rakotoarinivo, M. & Dransfield, J.
Reviewer/s: Baker, W.J., Beentje, H.J. & Bachman, S., Baker, W.J. & Beentje, H.J.
Justification:
 A rare palm from the Antongil Bay area where it has an estimated extent of occurrence of 1,729 km² and an area of occupancy of 31 km². The occurrence sites are fragmented into three subpopulations, comprising an estimated total of about 300 mature individuals. The largest subpopulation is found in the Rantabe region but this is subject to disturbance of the habitat and is not under any protection. The subpopulation in Masoala is found inside the protected area but seeds are still being collected for the international horticultural trade. Given the restricted range, the small population size and the continuing declines in habitat and population, this species is listed as Endangered.
History:
1998 Endangered
1997 Endangered (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to northeast Madagascar, where it occurs in the Bay of Antongil area, Masoala Peninsula and Mananara Avaratra.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: About 300 mature trees are estimated to occur in the three known sites and the population is declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Grows on steep slopes and in deep narrow valleys in primary lowland forest at 200 to 450 m elevation (occasionally as high as 700 m).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat loss through clearance for shifting agriculture and logging. This palm is also felled in order for the seeds to be harvested for the international horticultural trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Protected in Masoala National Park. The species is listed in CITES Appendix II. The harvesting and trade in seed needs monitoring.
Citation: Rakotoarinivo, M. & Dransfield, J. 2012. Lemurophoenix halleuxii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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