|Scientific Name:||Capromys pilorides|
|Species Authority:||(Say, 1822)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Includes Macrocapromys acevedo and Capromys gundlachius.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Soy, J. & Silva, G.|
|Reviewer(s):||McKnight, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its numerous large populations, adaptability to altered habitats, occurrence in numerous protected areas, relatively few threats, and because it is unlikely to be in decline.
|Range Description:||Desmarest's hutia is known from mainland Cuba and other islands within the Cuban archipelago, including the Isle of Youth and Archipiélago de las Doce Laqunas (Woods and Kilpatrick 2005).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is widespread throughout all of Cuba. It is apparently common; in some protected areas its density has reached 50/ha, and in some mangrove swamps it reaches 100/ha (Alvarez and Gonzalez 1991).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This species is primarily herbivorous. It is arboreal and prefers areas with caves and extensive root systems where it will hide (Soy pers. comm.). It is found in all types of habitats such as montane cloud forests, arid coastal semi-deserts, semi-deciduous forests, low, marshy areas and even in the mountains of eastern Cuba. This species can climb trees; however, it is more often found on the ground. The species lives in pairs in dense forests.
Its diet consists of leaves, fruit, bark, reptiles, insects and other small animals. The gestation period is between 110 to 140 days. After this time 1 to 6, but generally 2 fully developed young are born. These are nursed for about 153 days and become sexually mature at the age of 10 months. The life span of the species in captivity is up to 11 years (Alvarez and Gonzalez 1991; Poiez et al. 1992).
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats exist for this species. The species is sometimes hunted.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species is found in many protected areas in Cuba. The species is monitored in many of the areas where it occurs.|
|Citation:||Soy, J. & Silva, G. 2008. Capromys pilorides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 January 2015.|
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