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Euphorbia abdelkuri

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA EUPHORBIALES EUPHORBIACEAE

Scientific Name: Euphorbia abdelkuri
Species Authority: Balf.f.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Miller, A.
Reviewer(s): Abuzinada, A.H. & AL-Eisawi, D.M.H. (Arabian Plants Red List Authority)
Justification:
This remarkable succulent is endemic to the island of Abd al-Kuri where ca. 250 mature individuals are found at a single location covering less than 10 km². The latex of Euphorbia abdelkuri is toxic and the plant therefore is not eaten by livestock, so it is under no immediately perceivable threat except perhaps from collection by succulent enthusiasts. It is not found in similar habitats at other locations on the island perhaps suggesting that there has been a decline in its extent of occurrence. That it was once more abundant is confirmed by Forbes (1903) who comments This Euphorbia grows all up the side of Gebal Saleh [where it still grows] from about the upper two-thirds (500–1500 ft.), sending up its leafless stems like a forest of green candles . It was classed as Endangered in the Red Data Book (1977). The population of E. abdelkuri on Abd al Kuri lie within an area designated as a Nature Sanctuary within the zoning plan for the Soqotra Archipelago.
History:
1998 Endangered (Oldfield et al. 1998)
1998 Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Abd al Kuri, Soqotra. Approximately 15 small subpopulations, each of about 10 mature individuals, are known. All subpopoulations are confined to Jebel Saleh on the western side of Abd al Kuri, an island to the west of Soqotra.
Countries:
Native:
Yemen (Socotra)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Succulent shrubland (associated with Euphorbia balsamifera and E. schimperi) on rocky slopes; only on Abd al Kuri (J. Saleh). Altitude of 200–350 m.

This remarkable shrub is endemic to Abd al Kuri and has been described as the most remarkable species of Euphorbia (Lavranos 1971). It is locally common on J Hassala where it grows in sandy soils in open semi-desert shrubland and is not reported from other places on the island.
Systems: Terrestrial

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is subject to CITES Appendix II controls.

Citation: Miller, A. 2004. Euphorbia abdelkuri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 July 2014.
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