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Cynometra falcata 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Leguminosae

Scientific Name: Cynometra falcata
Species Authority: A.Gray

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-07-28
Assessor(s): Daveta, M.
Reviewer(s): Oldfield, S. & Keppel, G.
Contributor(s): Cavu, S., Masau, M., Rokocaucau, M., Thomas, N., Tikoca, S., Tutevu, I. & Young, E.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Rivers, M.C.
Justification:
Cynometra falcata is a tree endemic to the dry forest of Fiji. It was previously thought to be threatened, but several new discoveries especially on islands in the Lau group, mean that the species has a large extent of occurrence (106,676 km2), in over 20 subpopulations, with a population size much greater then 1,000. It is listed as Least Concern. The dry forest of Fiji is at threat from fires, grazing, agricultural expansion and invasive species, and the species population size, distribution and trends should be monitored.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This tree is endemic to Fiji. Until recently, it was initially only known from Viti Levu and Vanua Levu (Smith, 1979) but is now known to occur on many islands in the Lau group (Fiji RedList Workshop, July 2016). The extent of occurrence is estimated to be 106,676 km2 .
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Fiji
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:108
Number of Locations:27
Upper elevation limit (metres):500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Previously, this species was known only from two collections: the type was gathered from Viti Levu in 1840 and the second collection was from Vanua Levu in 1950. Keppel et al. (2015) estimated the population to be about 2,500 mature individuals, with subpopulations of 50-1,000 individuals. Even more recent surveys found several new subpopulations in the Lau group (Fiji Red List Workshop, 2016). The population now consists of more than 20 subpopulations with more than 1,000 individuals. One subpopulation in Ba has gone extinct likely because of agricultural practices (Keppel et al. 2015).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a slender tree with height reaching 4 m, usually found in dry forest and in limestone islands, between sea level and an elevation of about 500 m.
Systems:Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is mainly used for timber.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The habitat (dry forest) is highly threatened by agricultural expansion, burning, invasive species and grazing (Keppel et al. 2015). It was considered as threatened in Viti Levu because of the threats mentioned, however, new records from the Lau group makes it a Least Concerned species (Fiji Red List Workshop, July, 20l6).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has been recorded from some protected areas such as in the Emalu REDD+ Pilot site (Fiji Red List Workshop, July, 2016).

Citation: Daveta, M. 2016. Cynometra falcata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T34982A99516369. . Downloaded on 27 July 2017.
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