Erythrina burana 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae

Scientific Name: Erythrina burana Chiov.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-06-18
Assessor(s): Contu, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Erythrina burana is endemic to Ethiopia, where it appears to be fairly common at present. The species is also cultivated across its natural distribution range and in Kenya as a shade tree for coffee plantations and no major threats are currently reported to affect the species and its population dynamics, therefore it is rated as Least Concern. However, further research and field work should be carried out to better define the distribution and functionality of the natural populations (e.g. genetic variation), to make sure of the status and health of the species and that it doesn't fall into a threatened category in the near future.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Erythrina burana is endemic to Ethiopia and it has been introduced to Kenya.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1350
Upper elevation limit (metres):2100
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The species has been often described as common in its natural range (Burger #1563; Gillett #5094; Students #s.n.; Bally #3036; Burger #1421).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:E. burana is a tree up to 12 m tall which grows in woodlands and bushlands. It can be found in Combretum-Terminalia-Cussonia woodlands, at the edges of evergreen forest or areas cultivated with Sorghum. The species is a fast growing tree. The species is known to occur in the Ethiopian montane forests and Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands ecoregions (Olson et al. 2001).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Throughout the world, the principal use of the genus Erythrina is as a shade and support tree. Ethiopian farmers use this species a shade tree for coffee plantations (Hanelt et al. 2001). The species is also used as fodder for livestock (leaves, pods and bark are palatable to animals).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to this species at present, however, the natural vegetation in the ecoregions where the species is known to occur have been severely reduced due to the conversion to cropland.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures specifically for E. burana, but the species is currently known to occur in some protected areas. The species has been assessed as Vulnerable (VU B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)) in the The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (Vivero et al. 2005) and as Lower Risk/ Near Threatened in The World List of Threatened Trees (Oldfield et al. 1998). Samples of seed of E. burana should be collected and stored as an ex situ conservation measure. Further research and field work should be carried out to better define the species' range and the status and health of the population.

Citation: Contu, S. 2012. Erythrina burana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T34396A20072007. . Downloaded on 26 May 2018.
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