Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Podocarpaceae

Scientific Name: Podocarpus globulus
Species Authority: de Laub.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: This species was first described and named in 1985.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-20
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Luscombe, D
The small number of known subpopulations occurring in an area and at least partly in habitat which suffer ongoing deforestation (mainly due to conversion to plantations of oil palms and rubber trees) are inferred to be in continuing decline. No protected areas are known to contain this species. Its area of occupancy (AOO) is difficult to estimate because trees occur scattered and there may be locations not yet known where it also occurs. Taking this into account using a wider grid cell per location still results in an AOO under the threshold for Endangered (500 km²) and so this species meets the criteria under B2 for that category of threat.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2007 Endangered (EN)
1998 Rare (R)
1998 Data Deficient (DD)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Sabah (and on the border with Sarawak), Malaysia. The currently known distribution is based on eight herbarium collections giving four separate localities (=locations). Most collections are by the author of the species, David de Laubenfels. It is possible that other localities will be discovered, especially in Kalimantan (Indonesia).
Countries occurrence:
Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 144
Number of Locations: 4
Lower elevation limit (metres): 310
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1530
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are only four small subpopulations known of this species, based on herbarium collections. It is possible that a few more locations will come to light either through intensified field work or from unidentified or mis-identified herbarium specimens. Despite this, there is no doubt that the population is limited and fragmented and is likely to become more so with ongoing deforestation in the region.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in lower to middle montane rainforest on ridges and summits where the forest is not dominated by dipterocarps, in some localities on ultrabasic soil; altitudinal range 310-1,530 m a.s.l. based on information on herbarium specimen labels.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes
Generation Length (years): 40

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is not known whether this relatively rare (and unknown) species is specifically exploited as 'podocarp' timber; the modest size of most trees would indicate that it is not. Where forest is cleared, the more valuable trees will be 'salvaged' and put to uses commonly associated with this timber.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Only known from four disjunct localities, none of these is in a protected area. The area of occupancy (AOO) is estimated to be less than 500 km² based on these four localities and the fact that it is known from only a few herbarium collections, indicating that it is rare. Its altitudinal range places it in lower to middle montane rainforest, which is known to be in decline.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None of the presently known collections originates from protected areas. Further field surveys are required to locate additional subpopulations and to determine suitability of known locations for protected area status.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Podocarpus globulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T34069A2842616. . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.
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