Adenium obesum ssp. sokotranum
|Scientific Name:||Adenium obesum Roem. ssp. sokotranum (Vierh.) Lav.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Synonyms = Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch; Adenium socotranum Vierh. Note the spelling of the subspecific name was changed to sokotranum following advice Tony Miller (pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Abuzinada, A.H. & AL-Eisawi, D.M.H. (Arabian Plants Red List Authority)|
Widely distributed in several vegetation types where it is frequently abundant. It is highly poisonous and unpalatable to livestock.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Widespread in tropical Africa and Arabia; subspecies socotranum is endemic to Soqotra.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is very common in some areas.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Widespread on the plains and limestone plateau, and often abundant in succulent shrubland on the escarpments and rocky foothills; extending into Croton socotranus shrubland in rocky places on the plains and into open semi-deciduous woodland at higher altitudes on the hills. Altitude of sea-level to 700 (–1,050) m.
With its grotesquely swollen, almost human-like trunks and large bright pink flowers Adenium obesum is one of the most spectacular and characteristic plants of Soqotra. A. obesum, the desert rose , is widely distributed in Africa an Arabia. Across this wide range five subspecies have been recognized. The Soqotran plants have been placed in subspecies socotranum (Vierh.) Lavranos . This is endemic to Soqotra and is distinguished by its massive size and erect, conical stems. They can be up to 5 m high and 3 m across. Where they grow on the edge of escarpment their stems are covered in lichen and they appear to merge into the surrounding rocks. Adenium comes into leaf in winter, drops its leaves in summer and then comes into flower; it is one of the shrubs that does not need rain to flower.
|Citation:||Miller, A. 2004. Adenium obesum ssp. sokotranum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T33687A9797051.Downloaded on 21 August 2018.|
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