|Scientific Name:||Newtonia erlangeri|
|Species Authority:||(Harms) Brenan|
Piptadenia erlangeri Harms
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered A4ad ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Eastern Arc Mountains & Coastal Forests CEPF Plant Assessment Project|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Maunder, M.|
There is likely to have been a significant population reduction in this species because it is so highly targeted for charcoal burning. Given known reduction figures in some areas and given the generation length of about 30 years, it seems reasonable to list this species as Endangered under criterion A4 based on direct observation of the decline in numbers of mature individuals as a result of exploitation and the expectation that this will continue at the same or an even higher rate into the foreseeable future.
|Range Description:||This species has a very scattered distribution along the coast from southern Somalia into Kenya (mostly in the Tana River and Lamu districts) and from northeastern Tanzania. It has been recorded from an altitude of 52 up to 1,000 m.|
Native:Kenya; Somalia; Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Was common in some places, but trees were then subsequently felled.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A large tree usually found in evergreen forest on coral rag, in gallery forest, and extending out into seasonally flooded shrubby grassland.|
|Use and Trade:||The timber of this species is used for construction purposes. It is also highly sought after for charcoal burning as it is one of the best species for this.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is targeted for charcoal burning as it is one of the best trees for this. Trees are also logged for their timber. There is also loss of habitat across the species' range because of expanding agricultural activities.|
The species occurs in some protected areas, but it is so highly sought after that this may offer the species little protection.
No seeds have been collected and stored by a seed bank as a method of ex situ conservation.
|Citation:||Eastern Arc Mountains & Coastal Forests CEPF Plant Assessment Project 2012. Newtonia erlangeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 05 May 2015.|
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