Baillonella toxisperma


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Baillonella toxisperma
Species Authority: Pierre
Common Name(s):
English African Pearwood, Djave Nut, Moabi

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A1cd ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): White, L.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Baillonella is a monotypic genus endemic to the Guinea-Congolian Regional Centre of Endemism.
Angola (Angola, Cabinda); Cameroon; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Gabon; Nigeria
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Moabi is restricted to areas of primary evergreen and old secondary lowland rainforest, 0–500 m alt. Maturation rates are slow: 90–100 years, and regeneration occurs only under a closed canopy.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is overexploited for its timber and is seriously declining in large parts of its range. It is the second most important exported wood in Gabon. Amongst other local uses the tree produces edible oil which can fetch high market prices.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Minimum exploitable diameters have been set in several countries, these should be enforced where possible. Better protection and prevention of illegal logging in protected areas may ensure the future survival of this species.

Citation: White, L. 1998. Baillonella toxisperma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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