Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica
Species Authority: Coode & Cullen
Parent Species:
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-05-09
Assessor(s): Gardner, M. & Knees, S.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica  has a limited distribution in the eastern Taurus Mountains with an estimated area of occupancy of 850 km2. This is within the 2,000 km2 threshold for Vulnerable under criterion B2.  It has a single location in the Isaurian Mountains where much of the forest is in a degraded state due to a number of causes including the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. It has therefore been assessed as being Vulnerable under B2ab(ii,iii,v).
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1998 Not Threatened (nt)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This taxon is endemic to southwest Turkey where it occurs in the provinces of Antalya and Konya in the Isaurian Taurus. It is estimated that this subspecies occupies ca. 25% of the total range of  Abies cilicica in Turkey and therefore the area of occupancy is estimated to be ca. 850 km2
Countries occurrence:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 850
Number of Locations: 1
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1000
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: May form pure stands.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Abies cilicica subsp isaurica has an altitudinal range of 1,000- 2,000 m.s.l. (Davis 1965). It can form pure forests, but it mainly occurs in mixed forests, mostly with Cedrus libani and in assocaition with Juniperus excelsa, J. oxycedrus, Populus tremula and Quercus libani. It favours calcareous substrates which are shallow, rocky and well drained.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The timber is used locally for construction.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is an increasing threat to the forests caused by over-grazing of feral goats. They are particularly destructive as they damage seedlings and young shoots and areas where they have grazed cannot easily regenerate (McGinley 2008). Fires and pathogen attacks are also serious threats. The increase of tourists is also increasing the risk of fire. There have also been reports of sudden mortality in A. cilicica subsp. isaurica (Carus 2010) and a decline in the health of forests due to increased summer temperatures and reduced precipitation that have been attributed to global warming (Ozturk pers. obs. 2010).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected within the Kӧprϋlϋ Canyon National Park.

Citation: Gardner, M. & Knees, S. 2013. Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T33002A2829405. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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