Ilex paraguariensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Celastrales Aquifoliaceae

Scientific Name: Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Lower Risk/near threatened ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Occurring in the subtropical and temperate regions of South America.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Colombia; Ecuador; Paraguay; Uruguay
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:An understorey tree of mixed Araucaria forest.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): For centuries the leaves have been used to make a tonic and stimulant drink. The rates of exploitation, in some areas, are believed to have caused a significant decline in population numbers.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Plantations have been set up, but the demand for leaves is still, apparently, greater than the supply from cultivated stands.

Citation: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. Ilex paraguariensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T32982A9740718. . Downloaded on 25 March 2018.
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