|Scientific Name:||Bulimulus darwini|
|Species Authority:||(Pfeiffer, 1846)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Synonym = Naesiotus darwini.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B2ab(iii)c(ii,iii,iv) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Coppois, G. & Seddon, M.B. (Mollusc Red List Authority)|
Bulimulus darwini is endemic to Santiago Island in the Galápagos. Five subpopulations are known on the island and total range area is likely to be less than 2,000 km². The species is found throughout the humid zone on Santiago Island.
It was reduced to a few small populations in 1970’s because of habitat destruction by feral goats, pigs and donkeys. However, the wild pigs were exterminated from this island in 2001, and goats and donkeys are being exterminated at the moment, so Santiago should no longer have goats or donkeys in a few years from now. The vegetation on the island now has started to grow back and the land snail populations are now larger and more numerous. However, it seems that this species is highly influenced by El Niño events with subpopulation sizes fluctuating from year to year.
|Range Description:||Bulimulus darwini is endemic to The Galápagos Island of Santiago (585 km²). Total range area is estimated to be less than 2,000 km².|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Five subpopulations are known on the island.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Humid and pampa zones. Found mainly on shrubs and small trees (Tournefortia spp., Psychotria rufipes, Zanthoxylum fagara) and ferns.|
|Major Threat(s):||Main threats to the species are introduced ants (Wasmannia auropunctata) and destruction and/or alteration of habitat by introduced goats and donkeys. The wild pig population has now been removed from the island and vegetation on the island is beginning to recover.|
|Citation:||Parent, C. 2003. Bulimulus darwini. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 February 2015.|
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