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Camellia reticulata 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Theales Theaceae

Scientific Name: Camellia reticulata Lindley

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2018
Date Assessed: 2017-05-24
Assessor(s): Barstow, M., Beech, E. & Rivers, M.C.
Reviewer(s): Yang, S.
Justification:
Camellia reticulata is native to China. The species is widespread with an extent of occurrence exceeding the thresholds for a threatened category. The species is thought to be common but the population is currently in decline but we do not know to what extent. The species is not thought to be rare. It is threatened by over harvesting and habitat degradation across its range. The species is globally assessed as Data Deficient. The species is population size and range requires more investigation due to the species presence within cultivation making these two parameters difficult to define.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Camellia reticulata is found in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces in China. Flora of China states that this species is also found in Guizhou however there are no specimens from this area so its presence is uncertain. The species has an extent of occurrence that exceeds 28,000 km².
Countries occurrence:
Native:
China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1000
Upper elevation limit (metres):3200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population is currently in decline due to overharvesting and habitat degradation (Wang et al. 2012). The species is not thought to be rare (Yang pers. comm. 2017).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Camellia reticulata is a shrub or small tree growing between 4 and 15 metres tall. It grows in wet spots on gully sides in forests at elevations between 1,000 and 3,200 metres. It occurs in open woodlands or deforested areas in Yunnan.
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is cultivated or semicultivated in west Yunnan as a seed oil crop. Selected forms, particularly with large, double or semidouble flowers, have been propagated for hundreds of years as garden plants in Dali, Kunming, Lijiang, Tengchong, and adjacent areas. Some extant cultivars date back to at least the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 C.E.).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It has a long history of cultivation in Yunnan. The demand from the horticultural industry is causing significant depletion of plants in the wild (Wang et al. 2012). The numbers and areas of natural populations have decreased rapidly because of overharvesting and habitat destruction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In Yunnan it is under state Grade-II protection and the species is considered Vulnerable within China (Chinese Ministry of Environment Protection 2013). It is present in many ex situ collections worldwide.

Citation: Barstow, M., Beech, E. & Rivers, M.C. 2018. Camellia reticulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T32328A62057403. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
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