Dalbergia eremicola 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Leguminosae

Scientific Name: Dalbergia eremicola
Species Authority: Polhill

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-05-17
Assessor(s): Contu, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Dalbergia eremicola has a small distribution range, and even though at present the extent of occurrence (EOO = 31,700 km²) does not meet the threshold for a threatened category, it is enough to warrant concern. At present there is no precise data about population size and dynamics for the species and D. eremicola is not known to occur within the protected areas network, therefore the species is rated as Near Threatened until further research and field work clarify the population status and trends for the species.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1998 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Dalbergia eremicola occurs in Kenya and Somalia. The largest subpopulation of this small tree occurs in Kenya where it appears to be quite common near Wajir. It also extends into a small area of southern Somalia (Oldfield et al. 1998).
Countries occurrence:
Kenya; Somalia
Number of Locations: 3
Lower elevation limit (metres): 75
Upper elevation limit (metres): 810
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species has been described as common in the Northeast province, Kenya (Gillett #20629, #19202).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: D. eremicola is a spiny shrub or small tree, 1.5-5 m tall which grows in Acacia-Commiphora bushland on coarse loamy sand, in very open mixed bushland on pink sandy soil and sometimes on rock outcrops. The species is known to occur in the Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets ecoregion (Olson et al. 2001).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats at present for this species, but the natural habitat in the Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets ecoregion have become degraded in many places through grazing by livestock and fuelwood collection, particularly close to villages and towns (Magin and Mockrin 2001).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures specifically for D. eremicola, and the species is not known to occur within the protected areas network at present. Samples of seed of D. eremicola should be collected and stored as an ex situ conservation measure. The species has been listed as Lower Risk/Near Threatened (ver 2.3) in the IUCN Red List of Thretened Species and as Rare in the 1997 Red List of Threatened Plants (Walter and Gillett 1998).

Citation: Contu, S. 2012. Dalbergia eremicola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T32249A20055741. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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