Santalum album 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Santalales Santalaceae

Scientific Name: Santalum album Linn.
Common Name(s):
English Sandalwood

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A1d ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996)
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Regeneration is mostly vegetative by wood suckers or coppicing and is very successful in places. Viable seeds are produced after five years and dispersed by birds.
Countries occurrence:
China; India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu); Indonesia (Lesser Sunda Is.); Philippines
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Sandalwood is a hemi-parasitic plant which is widely scattered in dry deciduous forests.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Fire, grazing and most importantly exploitation of the wood for fine furniture and carving and also oil are threatening the species. Smuggling has assumed alarming proportions.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Export of the timber is banned from India.

Citation: Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996). 1998. Santalum album. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T31852A9665066. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
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