Araucaria schmidii 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Araucariaceae

Scientific Name: Araucaria schmidii
Species Authority: de Laub.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-09-22
Assessor(s): Thomas, P.
Reviewer(s): Farjon, A. & Gardner, M.
Contributor(s): Munzinger, J. & Jaffré, T.
The very restricted distribution and small population size make this species vulnerable to stochastic events. The Mount Panié area, although remote and relatively difficult to access, is a favoured destination for researchers and eco-tourists which has resulted in some localised habitat degradation and also has the potential for the introduction of diseases. For these reasons, an assessment of Vulnerable under criteria D2 is precautionary and reasonable.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Vulnerable (VU)
1998 Vulnerable (V)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to a single locality covering less than 1 km² on the summit and highest slopes of Mount Panié. Botanical surveys on surrounding massifs have not located any additional subpopulations.
Countries occurrence:
New Caledonia
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 4
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2: 4
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Number of Locations: 1
Continuing decline in number of locations: No
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1400
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1630
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The total population is estimated to be considerably less than 1,000 mature trees.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals: 999 Continuing decline of mature individuals: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations: No Population severely fragmented: No
All individuals in one subpopulation: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Araucaria schmidii is only found in montane cloud forest in the northeast of New Caledonia. It is the only New Caledonian Araucaria that grows exclusively on non-ultrabasic soils.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The small population size, limited distribution and restricted ecological niche make this species susceptible to stochastic events that may impact individuals or the general habitat. Potential threats include the introduction of pathogens such as Phytophthora or freak weather events.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The entire popualtion is located with the Mont Panié Special Botanical Reserve. This covers around 5,000 ha and was declared in 1950.

Citation: Thomas, P. 2010. Araucaria schmidii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T30989A9589393. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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