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Araucaria schmidii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA PINOPSIDA PINALES ARAUCARIACEAE

Scientific Name: Araucaria schmidii
Species Authority: de Laub.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-09-22
Assessor(s): Thomas, P.
Reviewer(s): Farjon, A. & Gardner, M.
Contributor(s): Munzinger, J. & Jaffré, T.
Justification:
The very restricted distribution and small population size make this species vulnerable to stochastic events. The Mount Panié area, although remote and relatively difficult to access, is a favoured destination for researchers and eco-tourists which has resulted in some localised habitat degradation and also has the potential for the introduction of diseases. For these reasons, an assessment of Vulnerable under criteria D2 is precautionary and reasonable.
History:
1998 Vulnerable (Oldfield et al. 1998)
1998 Vulnerable
1997 Vulnerable (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to a single locality covering less than 1 km² on the summit and highest slopes of Mount Panié. Botanical surveys on surrounding massifs have not located any additional subpopulations.
Countries:
Native:
New Caledonia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The total population is estimated to be considerably less than 1,000 mature trees.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Araucaria schmidii is only found in montane cloud forest in the northeast of New Caledonia. It is the only New Caledonian Araucaria that grows exclusively on non-ultrabasic soils.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The small population size, limited distribution and restricted ecological niche make this species susceptible to stochastic events that may impact individuals or the general habitat. Potential threats include the introduction of pathogens such as Phytopthora or freak weather events.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The entire popualtion is located with the Mont Panié Special Botanical Reserve. This covers around 5,000 ha and was declared in 1950.

Citation: Thomas, P. 2010. Araucaria schmidii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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