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Bobea timonioides

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA RUBIALES RUBIACEAE

Scientific Name: Bobea timonioides
Species Authority: (Hook.f.) Hillebr.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered C2a(i) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2003
Date Assessed: 2003-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.
Reviewer(s): Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Justification:
Bobea timonioides is endemic to the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kaua'i. It is known from more than 15 subpopulations, totaling 400–500 individuals. Threats to the species include fire, alien plants, ungulates, and an alien insect (the black twig borer). On the island of Hawaii it is additionally threatened by ranching and agriculture. Also on the island of Hawaii, many individuals have been destroyed over the past few decades by volcanic activity.
History:
1998 Vulnerable (Oldfield et al. 1998)
1998 Vulnerable
1997 Vulnerable (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Bobea timonioides is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It has been collected from Puna and south Kona Districts on Hawaii and on the southern slopes of Haleakala on Maui. There are also collections elsewhere which may be assignable to the species. The genus Bobea consists of four species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
Countries:
Native:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Trees, up to 10 m tall, occurring in dry to occasionally moist forest up to an altitude of 580 m.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats include goats, deer and invasive plant species.

Citation: Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Bobea timonioides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 July 2014.
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