Clianthus puniceus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Clianthus puniceus
Species Authority: (G.Don) Banks Sol. Ex Lindl.
Common Name(s):
English Kaka-beak, Lobster Claw, New Zealand Parrot's-bill, Parrot's-bill
Clianthus puniceus variety puniceus (G.Don) Lindley
Donia punicea G.Don

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered D ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): de Lange, P.J.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Occurring in scattered subpopulations from Northland to Hawkes Bay.
New Zealand (North Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: About 200 plants exist in total. A popular ornamental plant with large bright red flowers, it is possible that the Maori were partly responsible for the destruction of previously known occurrences on offshore islands, the East Cape and other parts of the North Island.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs as a shrub or small tree in scrubby forest margins and flaxland.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Browsing by goats, pigs, deer and possums and the illegal collecting of seedlings have caused more recent declines in numbers.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Most of the 200 species occur within the boundaries of Urewera National Park.

Citation: de Lange, P.J. 1998. Clianthus puniceus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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