|Scientific Name:||Sorbus maderensis|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered D ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Fernandes, F. & Bilz, M.|
Sorbus maderensis is endemic to Madeira where it is found at two localities with an extent of occurrence of 194 km². The main threats to the species are infrastructure development, predation by rats, trampling, fires, collection, droughts and temperature extremes. A fire took place in summer 2010 in the Central Mountain Massif which could have destroyed several of the individuals of which only less than 50 were known in the first place. The species is therefore classed as Critically Endangered.
|Range Description:||This plant is endemic to Madeira where it is found at two localities at an altitude from 1,500 to 1,750 m asl (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008). Its extent of occurrence is 194 km² (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population was stable but counts less than 50 mature individuals (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008). The main range of this species is at high altitudes in the Central Mountain Massif which was subject to a major fire rage in summer 2010 which could have badly affected this species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Sorbus maderensis is a small tree that grows in high altitude heathland (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008). It forms part of the Habitats Directive listed habitat 4050 "Endemic Macaronesian heaths" (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Major Threat(s):||Infrastructure development has been described as a main threat together with predation by rats, trampling, fires and collection. This plant is also susceptible to natural factors such as droughts and temperature extremes (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008). A fire might have destroyed several individuals in summer 2010, fieldwork to understand the extent of damage is underway.|
Sorbus maderensis is listed on Annex IV of the Habitats Directive.
Conservation actions that are urgently needed include species recovery and reintroduction programmes, control of the threats such as predation by rats, and raising public awareness. Further studies on its biology and ecology, population dynamics, taxonomy, habitat trends and conservation action impacts should be carried out (Fernandes et al. in: Martín et al. 2008).
|Citation:||Carvalho, J.A. 2011. Sorbus maderensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 May 2013.|
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