|Scientific Name:||Juniperus cedrus|
|Species Authority:||Webb & Berthel.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Recent Red Data books ( Bañares et al. 2008, Moreno 2008) and checklists ( Rivas-Martínez et al. 2002, Borges et al. 2008) have recognised two subspecies: Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthel. ssp. cedrus restricted to the Canary Islands and Juniperus cedrus ssp. maderensis (Menezes) Rivas Mart., Capelo, J.C. Costa, Lousã, Fontinha, R. Jardim & M. Seq restricted to Madeira. The Madeiran taxon was originally described as Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. maderensis Menezes in 1908. This conservation assessment recognises the Canary Island and Madeiran taxa as a single species - Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthel.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,v); C2a(i) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Rumeu Ruiz, B, de Sequeira, M, Elliot, M, Gardner, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.|
The total area of occupancy (AOO) is calculated to be 29 km². The AOO is based on presence within 1 km² grid cells overlaid on 1:40,000 scale maps. Presence and absence records are derived from recent, extensive surveys carried out between 2004 and 2009 (Elliot 2009, Rumeu unpublished data 2010, Sequeira pers.comm 2010). The total population (n = ca 600) consists of five subpopulations/ locations found on five islands (Gran Canaria (n =12), Gomera (n = 100),
Restricted to the Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Gomera, La Palma and Tenerife) and Madeira (from Pico Arieiro to Pico Ruivo).
Native:Portugal (Madeira); Spain (Canary Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
The population is estimated to be c. 600 sexually mature individuals.
Canary Islands - 572 individuals: Gran Canaria 12; La Palma 250; Tenerife 200; La Gomera 100 (Elliot 2009).
|Habitat and Ecology:||
The subpopulation on
The current distribution pattern and the restriction to almost inaccessible sites in the Canary Islands and on
There are a variety of threats, the most severe of which is fire. In 2007 a fire on
Historically over-grazing, cutting and burning have been significant threats to the population. Although these threats are less today, the fast expansion of Cytisus scoparius following grazing is certainly a potential threat as it greatly increases the fire risks.
Juniperus cedrus is a protected species in the Canary Islands and occurs in three National Parks; Parque Nacional del Teide, Tenerife; Parque Nacional de Garajonay, La Gomera; Parque Nacional de la Caldera de Taburiente, La Palma. The area affected by fire in Parque Nacional del Teide is being restored by using local provenance material (seed). In Gran Canaria, the subpopulation in Montaña del Cedro is included within the Reserva Natural Especial de Güigüi. This sub-population is considered as 'in danger of extinction' in the Regional Catalogue of Threatened Species (Ministerio de Medio Ambiente 2009). On Madeira it is protected within the Parque Natural da Madeira (Natura 2000) where all goats have been removed above 1,400 m under the authority of Direcção Regional de Florestas. This has had a positive effect on the general vegetation, but as J. cedrus is a slow growing tree, any benefits are unlikely to be seen for several years.
|Citation:||Rumeu Ruiz, B, de Sequeira, M, Elliot, M, Gardner, M. 2011. Juniperus cedrus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 June 2013.|
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