Brachyphylla nana


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Brachyphylla nana
Species Authority: Miller, 1902
Common Name(s):
English Cuban Fruit-eating Bat
Taxonomic Notes: Includes pumila; see Swanepoel and Genoways (1978). Considered a subspecies of cavernarum by Buden (1977) and Hall (1981). Reviewed by Swanepoel and Genoways (1983) and Timm and Genoways (2003).

Referred to by Morgan (2001) as two species, and this is confirmed by molecular genetics (Davalos 2004)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Dávalos, L. & Mancina, C.
Reviewer(s): Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its abundance within its restricted distribution, its presumed large population, occurrence in protected areas, and because its habitat is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
1996 Lower Risk/near threatened (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica (extinct, known only from fossils), Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands, UK), and Middle Caicos (Simmons, 2005).
Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti
Regionally extinct:
Bahamas; Jamaica
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is among the most common and widespread bats of Cuba and the Isle of Pines (Silva-Taboada, 1979). In Haiti it is rare (Klingener et al., 1978 in Swanepoel and Genoways, 1983).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is highly gregarious and large colonies are found in caves (Silva-Taboada, 1979). This bat can occur in the same cave together with other species (Brachyphylla, Erophylla and Phyllonycteris). On Cuba, this species was found to be carrying embryos from December through May, with lactation occurring from May to August (Silvia-Taboada, 1979). Twelve females collected in March on Middle Caicos were pregnant; and one female captured on August was lactating. Its diet includes fruit, pollen, nectar, and insects; however, in captivity it can feed on banana. It species leave the caves last after sunset (Swanepoel and Genoways, 1983).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In Middle Caicos is known from only one cave (Davalos pers. comm.). Population in Hispaniola and Middle Caicos are small (Davalos pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in protected areas.

Citation: Dávalos, L. & Mancina, C. 2008. Brachyphylla nana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 28 March 2015.
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