||Golden Lancehead, Queimada Island Bothrops
Bothropoides insularis (Amaral, 1921)
Lachesis insularis Amaral, 1921
||Carrasco, P.A., Mattoni, C.I., Leynaud, G.C. and Scrocchi, G.J. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 1-15.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Marques, O.A.V., Martins, M. & Sazima, I.
||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Bothrops insularis is known only from one location: a small island off southeastern Brazil (total area 43 ha). The species' highly restricted range and continuing decline in habitat quality, as a result of removal of vegetation by people from the Brazilian Navy who keep the lighthouse, qualify it for the Critically Endangered category.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2000 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 1996 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 1994 – Indeterminate (I)
- 1990 – Indeterminate (I)
- 1988 – Rare (R)
- 1986 – Insufficiently Known (K)