|Scientific Name:||Zingel zingel (Linnaeus, 1766)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kottelat, M. & Smith, K.|
A widespread species. The species inhabits clean fast running water and is threatened by dams and pollution. However it withstands the effects and does not qualify for a threatened or Near Threatened categories. Pollution levels are now lowering and dam construction has almost halted within the species range.
European Union 27 = LC. Same rationale as above.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Known from Danube and Dniestr drainages.|
Native:Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova; Montenegro; Poland; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Ukraine
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat: |
Main course of large rivers, in fast-flowing waters.
Nocturnal, benthic. Spawns in March-April on sand bottom. Single females spawn with several males in a dense spawning group. Eggs very sticky and attached to gravel. Feeds on aquatic invertebrates and small fishes.
|Major Threat(s):||The species is impacted by dams as it needs strong currents to survive. Pollution also impacted the species, particularly in the upper Danube, in the past however conditions are now improving and populations may be increasing.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information available.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. 2011. Zingel zingel. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T23209A9428565.Downloaded on 19 November 2017.|
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