Xerus inauris 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Xerus inauris (Zimmermann, 1780)
Common Name(s):
English South African Ground Squirrel

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-08-18
Assessor(s): Cassola, F.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Griffin, M. & Coetzee, N.
Listed as Least Concern as the species has a fairly wide distribution range, is common and present in many large and well managed protected areas, there are no major threats identified.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is restricted to Southern Africa, south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers. It is distributed widely in Namibia, except where replaced by Xerus princeps in the northwest, but absent from the coastal areas and in parts of the southwest and northeast. In Botswana, confined to the semi-desert Kalahari associations. In South Africa, they occur mainly in the central regions, being widely distributed in the North West Province, Free State, the Northern Cape (the northern and north-eastern parts of the province), and southwards to the Graaff Reinet District in Eastern Cape, which marks their most southerly limits of distribution (Skinner and Smithers 1990). They also occur in western Lesotho (Lynch 1994).
Countries occurrence:
Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occurs widely throughout the more arid parts southern Africa, the greater part of its distributional range lying within the limits of the Nama-Karoo and Succulent Karoo biomes in areas with a mean annual rainfall of 100-500 mm (Skinner and Smithers 1990). Animals have a preference for open terrain with little bush cover and a solid substrate. In southern Botswana, they tend to occur on open calcareous ground on the fringes of the many dry pans which are characteristic of the area. The substrate here is hard, consisting of consolidated sand with calcareous pebbles. They avoid loose sandy areas for making their burrows but are found in the dunes of the Kalahari Desert. They occur also on the fringes of dry watercourses, or floodplain, on open overgrazed ground, and in open grassland or karroid areas, providing the substrate is suitable (Skinner and Smithers 1990). It is diurnal, gregarious and colonial. It is a seasonal breeder, having up to three litters of as many as three young annually.
Generation Length (years):4

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole. It is considered to be an agricultural pest in some regions.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Common in many protected areas, including Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (Botswana and South Africa) and Etosha National Park (Namibia).

Errata [top]

Errata reason: This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.

Citation: Cassola, F. 2016. Xerus inauris (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T23145A115167437. . Downloaded on 25 May 2018.
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