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Valencia hispanica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CYPRINODONTIFORMES VALENCIIDAE

Scientific Name: Valencia hispanica
Species Authority: (Valenciennes, 1846)
Common Name(s):
English Valencia Toothcarp

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2ace ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Carmona, J. & Elvira, B. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
Justification:
This species has undergone a population decline of more than 80% in the past 10 years due to habitat (marsh) destruction for urbanisation, agricultural pollution and the introduction of alien predators (Carmona, J and Elvira, B. pers comm).
History:
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to six locations on the Mediterranean coastal area of Spain. (Elvira, B. pers comm).
Countries:
Native:
Spain
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in marshes, wetlands and springs.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drought, habitat destruction, water extraction, domestic and agricultural pollution and introduction of Gambusia holbrooki.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed in the Annexes II and IV of the European Union Habitats Directive and in the Appendix II of the Bern Convention. There have been introductions of the species into man-made marshes (Elvira, B. pers. comm).

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Valencia hispanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 September 2014.
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