Ninox burhani


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Ninox burhani
Species Authority: Indrawan & Somadikarta, 2004
Common Name(s):
English Togian Boobook, Togian Boobook
Taxonomic Notes: Described as new to science by Indrawan and Somadikarta (2004), whose treatment has been adopted by the BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Indrawan, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Bird, J., Butchart, S., Crosby, M., Khwaja, N., Taylor, J.
This species has a small population within a very small range. However, its population is divided into several island sub-populations, one of which occurs in a protected area and is likely to be stable and to exceed 1,000 individuals. For these reasons it is currently classified as Near Threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Ninox burhani has a very small range, being only known from the islands of Malenge, Togian and Batudaka in the Togian archipelago off central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Verbelen and Demeulemeester 2010). Aural encounters believed to relate to this species on Waleabahi Island to the east imply it is widespread in moderate numbers throughout the archipelago. It may be declining but current trends have not yet been studied.

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is estimated to number 2,500-9,999 individuals in total, equating to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals (M. Indrawan in litt. 2006).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A resident of lowland and hill forest, it has been recorded in scrubby woodland surrounded by evergreen forest and also in degraded forest, mixed gardens and sago swamp, at elevations from sea-level to 400 m (Verbelen and Demeulemeester 2010).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): As the species is largely forest-dependent, continuing forest clearance for agriculture and logging represents a threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
A Togian Islands National Park was declared by the Ministry of Forestry in 2004, and includes over 250 km2 of terrestrial habitat, including areas in which this species is known to occur.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct further surveys to establish the full extent of the species's range and how large its current population is. Determine what threats to the species exist.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Ninox burhani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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