Loxia leucoptera


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Loxia leucoptera
Species Authority: Gmelin, 1789
Common Name(s):
English White-winged Crossbill, Two-barred Crossbill
Taxonomic Notes: Loxia leucoptera (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) has been split into L. leucoptera and L. megaplaga following AOU (2003).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Bermuda; Canada; China; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Japan; Korea, Republic of; Latvia; Lithuania; Mongolia; Norway; Russian Federation; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Slovakia; Sweden; United States
Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; Faroe Islands; France; Germany; Greenland; Hungary; Ireland; Jamaica; Kazakhstan; Montenegro; Netherlands; Poland; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Slovenia; Spain; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Loxia leucoptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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