||Iberian Green Woodpecker
||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.
||Picus viridis has been split into P. viridis and P. sharpei by the BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group following studies by Perktas (2011) and Olioso & Pons (2011), based on analysis of morphological differences between viridis, sharpei and vaillantii, and the narrow intergradation zone between viridis and sharpei. This analysis also confirms the validity of P. vaillantii as a species. P. (viridis) innominatus is also given specific status by Perktas (2011), however this treatment is not accepted by the BTWG as claimed differences seem small.
||31-33 cm woodpecker. Upperparts green, rump and uppertail coverts yellowish. Male has red forehead to nape, lores blackish becoming grey in superciliary and subocular areas and side of crown (del Hoyo et al. 2015). Female has all black malar stripe and often more obvious pale edge above, crown with more grey tips. Medium-length bill, dark grey or blackish, slightly chisel-tipped. Iris white to pinkish. Legs olive-grey. Juvenile duller than adult. Similar spp. Differs from Eurasian Green Woodpecker P. viridis by having very little or no black on face and having a browner iris compared to whiter iris in P. viridis. Differs from Maghreb Green Woodpecker P. vaillantii in red vs. black malar stripe on male. Voice Main call a low "kyack" and variations. Distinctive laughing song in breeding season.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Symes, A., Wright, L, Pople, R., Burfield, I., Ashpole, J, Ieronymidou, C. & Wheatley, H.
This recently-split species is undergoing moderately rapid declines in Spain, which holds the vast majority of the population. It has therefore been uplisted to Near Threatened as it almost meets the requirements for listing as threatened under criteria A2abc+3bc+4abc.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2013 – Least Concern (LC) –
- 2012 – Least Concern (LC) –
|Population:||The total population is estimated at 246,000-471,000 pairs, which equates to 492,000-941,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015) and 738,000-1,411,500 individuals.|
Trend Justification: The population size is estimated to be decreasing at a rate approaching 30% in 16.8 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|♦ Number of mature individuals:||492000-941000||♦ Continuing decline of mature individuals:||Yes|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations:||No||♦ Population severely fragmented:||No|
|♦ Continuing decline in subpopulations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:||No||♦ All individuals in one subpopulation:||No|